It Walks By Night by John Dickson Carr

Originally Published 1930
Henri Bencolin #1
Followed by Castle Skull

The British Library Crime Classics reprint also includes the short story ‘The Shadow of the Goat’ (1926).

In the smoke-wreathed gloom of a Parisian salon, Inspector Bencolin has summoned his allies to discuss a peculiar case. A would-be murderer, imprisoned for his attempt to kill his wife, has escaped and is known to have visited a plastic surgeon. His whereabouts remain a mystery, though with his former wife poised to marry another, Bencolin predicts his return.

Sure enough, the Inspector’s worst suspicions are realized when the beheaded body of the new suitor is discovered in a locked room of the salon, with no apparent exit. Bencolin sets off into the Parisian night to unravel the dumbfounding mystery and track down the sadistic killer.

The famed sportsman the Duc de Saligny is about to get married. His bride, Louise, had previously been married to a man who had become mad and tried to murder her, ending up in an insane asylum. In a worrying turn for the couple, Laurent appears to have escaped and may even have changed his appearance with the help of a skilled plastic surgeon. Our sleuth, juge d’instruction Henri Bencolin, suspects that Laurent’s actions have been with the intention of returning to Paris to kill the Duc and possibly Louise too.

Bencolin arranges for the couple to be guarded while visiting a gambling house but his fears become reality when, a short while after entering an empty card room, the Duc’s decapitated head is found on the floor. The position of his body suggests he intentionally knelt before the murderer, raising the question why he would just meekly submit to that fate, while there is also the problem that no one was seen entering or leaving the room by its only entrance. The crime seems impossible…

It Walks By Night has been on my to read pile for a long time. Long enough that I accidentally purchased two additional copies of it after receiving a review copy when it was first published. Whoops (this would be one of the reasons I created my publicly-accessible TBR pile page).

The novel was Carr’s first to be published and while it features an impossible crime and discovering the explanation of that will be key to solving the mystery, I think it would be fair to suggest that this doesn’t feel like its focus. Instead I would suggest that Carr is more interested in creating a thick atmosphere of dread using elements of the supernatural, sex and implied gore to unsettle the reader.

The obvious comparison would be with the works of Poe, one of the fathers of the genre who gave us another genius-level French detective in The Murders in the Rue Morgue (and its two sequels). Carr clearly leans into this, referencing the writer repeatedly including in a chapter’s title, but it is not simply a question of atmosphere. The character of Bencolin himself possesses an almost diabolic appearance with a Mephistophelean beard and an apparent appreciation for the macabre elements of this case.

Bencolin is the first of Carr’s significant recurring sleuths and differs somewhat from his subsequent and more popular creations, Dr. Fell and Sir. Henry Merrivale. Part of this is presentational as each of those characters felt lighter and more comic, but he also fulfills a slightly different role in relation to the investigation. While those characters are typically reacting to a crime that has already been committed, Bencolin begins this story aware of the likelihood of a crime and taking action to try and prevent it. Even once the crime takes place, he seems far more physically active than either Dr. Fell or H. M. and seems to be constantly moving rather than cogitating.

That sense of constant action makes this feel more like a thriller or adventure story than a straightforward detective story. While there certainly are clues that the reader can use to get to much of the solution, the story is peppered with improbable and far-fetched developments. To give just a couple of examples that leap to mind, I think the author has a misplaced idea about precisely what could be achieved with plastic surgery while a visit made to a woman in a darkened room feels rather ridiculous in the context of what had just occurred.

It was all a bit much for me, overwhelming the puzzle aspects of the novel, and I wished that the story had been a little more consice. Perhaps I was just not in the right frame of mind and this was just the wrong book for my mood at the moment. I will note though that I found the additional short story included in the British Library reprint, The Shadow of the Goat, to be significantly more entertaining and engaging. I certainly enjoyed the puzzle elements of the story and found the conclusion to be both logical and satisfying.

I am sure that I will return to Bencolin at some point. I have copies of Castle Skull and The Four False Weapons on my TBR list after all. But for now I suspect my next Carr will likely mean a return to Dr. Fell.

The Verdict: This story delivers on atmosphere but I felt that it distracted a little from the puzzle parts of the plot.

A copy was provided by the publisher, The British Library, for review though I purchased my own additional copies.

8 thoughts on “It Walks By Night by John Dickson Carr

  1. I liked this a whole lot more than you. It’s not even a thriller; it’s straight-up horror. I wish Carr had written a few more like this. Your comment about this being the wrong book for your current mood is probably accurate. The plastic surgery would bother me if I were looking for more realism. When I read it, I certainly accepted that procedures like that are a snap in this kind of story.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I think that it is fair to say that it is consistent with its own world building, even if I dispute that the idea works in reality. I have liked other trippy and bizarre impossible crime stories (Jabberwock and Red Right Hand leap to mind) so I can imagine this just hit me wrong. I plan on keeping hold of one of my many copies in case I ever feel like revisiting it!






    There are severe flaws in the locked room stuff.
    It is inconceivable that the policeman was so posted that he could not see both the door of the card room opening into the hall and the secondary door of the smoking room. Even then when he sees Vautrelle come out of the smoking room and ask him the time won’t he become suspicious when the body is discovered?
    It is inconceivable that nobody entered the card room during the murder and for a full half hour afterwards.
    When Bencolin first sees the body, it was supposedly dead for only about 5 minutes, but it was actually lying there for more than half an hour. Wouldn’t the blood have dried by that time, creating suspicion ?

    Liked by 1 person

    1. ROT13
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      Liked by 1 person

  3. It seems I found it far better than you did. There are problems with the plot but I liked Bencolin a lot and the atmosphere of dread and horror was much more effective than the farce that was on display in The Blind – just what was Carr thinking -Barber?

    Liked by 2 people

    1. I haven’t quite got around to reading The Blind Barber yet – I have read nothing but disappointed reviews. I think it could just be a case of the book not hitting me right – maybe just a bad day. It’s certainly very readable and I agree about the atmosphere.

      Liked by 2 people

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